Depression is the most common psychiatric condition affecting 1 in 5 people. It is a multidimensional illness meaning that it affects people from more than one input: Feelings such as sadness, emptiness or irritability; somatic changes; and cognitive changes including slowed thinking or negative thoughts.
The effects of depression can be far reaching and if left untreated, can persist for months, years and even decades. Depression is typically marked by decreased mood, lowered self-esteem and increased self-criticism. However, these features may also indicate another condition and therefore require thorough assessment by a psychologist to determine their cause and underlying pathology.
Depression can impact one’s relationship with themselves, as well as relationships with others. These changes can have implications for performance at work, as well as one’s ability to function in their relationships. However, depression is not always severe, and often people live with milder forms of this, termed dysthymia, for years before seeking help.
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