ADD & ADHD

Attention Deficit Disorder (ADD) and Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) is considered a neurodevelopment disorder that mostly affects children and adolescents (approx. 5%), however can also affect some adults (approx. 2.5%). This condition is marked by persistent inattention and/or hyperactivity-impulsivity. Understandably, this can have far reaching effects on a person’s life. Importantly, this condition is highly treatable with the right diagnosis and the right care.

Core features
Inattention typically looks like: Wandering off task, lacking persistence, having difficulty sustaining focus, and being disorganised. Notably, in children and adolescents these difficulties are not due to defiance or lack of comprehension.

Hyperactivity often looks like: Excessive motor activity (such as running about in children or fidgeting/restlessness in adults) when not appropriate, as well as excessive tapping or talkativeness. Adults often experience extreme restlessness and are known to wear others out with their activity.

Impulsivity can present as: Hasty decisions and actions that occur in the moment and have little forethought, and often carry a high potential for harm – e.g. darting the street without looking. More broadly, impulsivity can also include interrupting others excessively and/or making important decisions without considering the long-term consequences.

These features can be responsive to targeted treatment.

Treatment for ADD and ADHD
Restlessness is not uncommon for most people, especially in the busy digital age! However, for people suffering from ADD and ADHD it can be extremely difficult to stay focused on a task. This can be stress related, however in ADD and ADHD the symptoms are enduring and affect many aspects of life including social, work, and personal.

A thorough assessment and diagnosis is an essential first step because symptoms associated with ADD and ADHD can often present in: Depression, anxiety, bipolar, personality and other neurodevelopment disorders.

We recommend a multifaceted approach when treating ADD and ADHD. Cognitive behavioural therapy (CBT) is an excellent treatment and focuses on reward processes in the brain that can drive ADD and ADHD. Treatment attempts to build insight through greater self-control and improved problem solving; develop better coping resources around frustration, anger and aggression; stress management; and improving self-esteem and relationships with others.

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TREATMENTS

Psychodynamic

Psychodynamic psychotherapy takes a holistic and syndromic view of an individual and their experiences.
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Cognitive Behavioural Therapy (CBT)

CBT is a type of psychotherapy that helps the person to change unhelpful or unhealthy habits of thinking, feeling and behaving.
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Schema Therapy

Schema therapy attempts to identify the deeper patterns and themes of a person’s life and address these in therapy.
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Dialectical Behaviour Therapy (DBT)

DBT, a form of cognitive behaviour therapy, is designed to help people change unhelpful ways of thinking and behaving while also accepting who they are.
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Eye-Movement Desensitisation and Reprocessing (EMDR)

Often disturbing events happen in our lives that stay with us. The brain cannot process information as it ordinarily does.
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